The Nature of Matter

On this page we will see what the aether-wave-rotation model of light and electromagnetism has to say about the nature of matter.

## Rotation and structure

In the mid to late nineteenth century, William Thomson, later Lord Kelvin, examined the possibility that matter was composed of vortex ring particles, ‘smoke rings’. These appear to be the only plausibly stable structures in a fluid. Their stability was further examined theoretically by the unrelated JJ Thomson.

More recently the stability and self-organising tendencies of vortices generally has been established by researchers at DAMTP at Cambridge, using liquid helium, and in water by Vatistas at Concordia.

Particles interact, and therefore vortex ring particles emit (and lose) energy.

Longer-term stability is therefore more problematic, but we know that rotational structures in a rotationally energetic environment can be structurally and energetically maintained by that environment. We know this from long-term observation of the great Red Spot of Jupiter.

## The vortex ring particle

The Esau James aether-wave-rotation model of light and electromagnetism will therefore adopt the vortex ring particle as the basic building block of matter:

It is consistent with what we inferred from the Schrödinger equation, that it models circular rotation in a fluid

It has the ability to sustain standing waves as well as transitions between these, and hence the emission of pressure waves of certain frequencies

These frequencies accord mathematically with what we know of light emissions and the models of light emission that we currently use

It is an excellent match for the ‘quantum well’

They can conceivably sustain a further rotation around the ring, and since this produces chirality, and since we have associated rotation with electromagnetism, this is a plausible but tentative model for positive and negative charge

It incorporates the Lorentz transformation (see immediately below)

## The Lorentz transformation

The Lorentz transformation is a feature of the vortex ring particle, provided we assume that the speed of standing waves around the ring is determined by the surrounding medium. From this perspective, when these particles are in motion along their central axis, the waves travel a spiral path and the relationship between this distance and the circular distance is given by the Lorentz formula (if you stretch both out, you get a Pythagorean triangle).

Since a standing wave must fit precisely the distance, then either the frequency or the hoop size or both must adapt, but the model does not as yet help us to say which. Instead, we examine emitted frequencies.

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